The Haber-Bosch process is one of the most important chemical reactions ever created, as it has revolutionized the agricultural industry. The process is vital in making ammonia-based fertilizer, and has allowed fertilizer to become widely available to a large number of people.
The Haber-Bosch process was named after the two people who created it; Fritz Haber who created the process in a laboratory scale and Carl Bosch who called Haber’s creation to an industry level of production. The process moves nitrogen and hydrogen gases through beds of catalysts, causing conversion into ammonia. The conversion is typically held at a high pressure and between 400-500 degrees.
One of the problems with the Haber-Bosch process is its release of carbon dioxide, and other emissions that are damaging to our planet.