National Geographic defines agriculture as "the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops, and raising livestock. It includes the preparation of plant and animal products for people to use and their distribution to markets."
Agriculture, as a practice, has been a human practice for thousands of years. Before agriculture, people were largely nomadic, and lived a hunter/gatherer lifestyle. About 10,000 years ago, people started to develop agricultural techiniques and learning different ways to grow and produce crops. Similarly, people began domesticating animals, like dogs and sheep, which were among the first to become livestock.
As agriculture developed, technologies and techniques improved greatly. People made different things to help their farming, from plows to tractors. They also learned various techniques to increase crop yield and size, such as irrigation or crop rotation. The increases in agriculutral production these innovations created allowed people to create a surplus of food, which could be used to feed people through a bad season or be traded for other goods and services.
Today, the world is largely dependent on agricultural practices to feed its growing population. Agriculture is so important that agriculutral sciences are being studied in top universities across the world. Technologies continue to develop in new and exciting ways.
At CASFER, we hope to help further agriculture by developing new and sustainable fertilizer production methods, to help increase sustainability and food security.